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Voting for People with Felony Convictions

VOTING AND FELONY CONVICTIONS

Although depriving people convicted of felonies of the right to vote has a long history, the modern laws in many states are rooted in racial discrimination.  In these states, the laws were enacted after the Civil War and designed to deny the vote to African-Americans, and continue to have that effect today. More than five million American citizens are now denied the right to vote, including 13% of the African-American population, because of felony convictions.  Black Americans are imprisoned at 39 times the rate of whites for non-violent drug offenses.  In total, more than 60% of people in prison are racial and ethnic minorities, despite being only 28% of the U.S. population.

Every state except Maine and Vermont prevents inmates from voting while in prison for a felony.  Once released from prison, voter eligibility depends on the state a person votes in, with laws varying widely.  Most states deprive parolees and probationers of the vote, and a few states permanently deny the right to vote to all ex-offenders. Ex-offenders in most states have to go through a wide variety of application processes, and some may never regain the right to vote.

To find out more about information about voting for people with felony convictions visit your state page or see below.

Felon Disenfranchisement Laws and Restoration Procedures by State

Alabama

The following convictions do not disenfranchise:

  • Aiding/permitting/facilitating a prisoner to escape;
  • Doing business without a license;
  • Driving under the influence;
  • Possession of any drug or controlled substance; and
  • Simple assault and violation of liquor laws.

The following convictions result in permanent disenfranchisement:

  • Impeachment, Murder, Rape (any degree);
  • Sodomy (any degree), Sexual Abuse (any degree);
  • Incest, Sexual Torture;
  • Enticing a Child to Enter a Vehicle for Immoral Purposes;
  • Soliciting a Child by Computer;
  • Production of Obscene Matter Involving a Minor;
  • Production of Obscene Matter;
  • Parents or Guardians Permitting Children to Engage in Obscene Matter;
  • Possession of Obscene Matter;
  • Possession with Intent to Distribute Child Pornography ; and
  • Treason.

Those convicted of all other felonies must apply for a Certificate of Eligibility to Register to Voter (CERV) to regain the right to vote. 

To apply for a CERV, contact the Alabama Board of Pardons and Parole at (334) 242-8700, or the Alabama ACLU at 888-685-7979.  Applicants must not have any pending felony cases, must not owe any court ordered monies on disqualifying cases, must not owe any supervision fees, and must not be under sentence.  

IMPORTANT:  Applicants must indicate that they are applying for the right to vote.

For more information on the restoration process:

http://www.pardons.state.al.us/ALABPP/Main/ALABPP%20MAIN.htm

http://www.aclualabama.org/WhatWeDo/ALExFelonVotingBrochure2010.pdf

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Alaska

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Alaska, visit: http://www.elections.alaska.gov/vi_vr_how.php

For more information on the restoration process: http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Arizona

First-time felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

Persons convicted of two or more felonies must petition the county court that sentenced them to have their right to vote reinstated.  If the sentence only included probation, convicts may apply as soon as their probation ends.  If the sentence involved incarceration, convicts must wait two years after completion of prison time and parole to file a petition.

To file a petition, call the Pima County Office of the Clerk of the Superior Court at (520) 740-3200.

For more information on registering to vote in Arizona, visit: http://www.azsos.gov/election/How_to_register.htm

For more information on the restoration process: 

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Arkansas

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Arkansas, visit: http://www.votenaturally.org/registration.html

NOTE: failure to satisfy legal financial obligations associated with convictions may result in post-conviction disenfranchisement.

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California

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence and/or parole, and must register to vote.  Those on probation may register.

For more information about registering to vote in California, visit: http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/elections_vr.htm

For more information on the restoration process: http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Colorado

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Colorado, visit: http://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/main.htm

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Connecticut

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote by:

  1. Contacting the Registrars of Voters in the town where they live to obtain a voter registration card. Applicants can also obtain voter registration cards from any public library, the DMV, DSS or any other voter registration agency; and
  2. Filling out the voter registration card and submitting the card to the registrars of voters in their town of residence either in person or by mail.

For more information on the restoration process: http://www.sots.ct.gov/sots/lib/sots/electionservices/hava/havapdf/the_ultimate_freedom.pdf

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Delaware

Convicted felons must wait five years after the completion of their sentence, probation, and/or parole and payment of all fines and/or restitution to apply to have their voting rights restored.

The following convictions result in permanent disenfranchisement:

  • Murder;
  • Sexual crimes; and
  • Crimes against the public (i.e. bribery, improper use of influence, abuse of office).

For more information on registering to vote in Delaware, visit:

http://elections.delaware.gov/services/voter/placestoregister.shtml

For more information on the restoration process:

http://elections.delaware.gov/services/voter/felons.shtml

http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=16529

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District of Columbia

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in the District of Columbia, visit: https://www.dcboee.org/voter_info/register_to_vote/ovr_step1.asp

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Florida

All convicted felons must apply for Executive Clemency after a waiting period to regain their right to vote.  Applicants for Clemency must remain arrest-free and crime-free during the waiting period. 

The following convictions carry a seven-year waiting period, and require a hearing for Clemency:

  • Murder;
  • Assault;
  • Child abuse;
  • Arson;
  • Lewdness and indecent exposure;
  • All drug trafficking; and
  • All first- and second-degree drug offenses

All other felony convictions carry a five-year waiting period, and do not require a hearing.

Applicants for Clemency must submit a Request for Review to the Office of Executive Clemency, along with certified copies of the following documents for each felony conviction:

  • Charging Indictment/information;
  • Judgment; and
  • Sentence/community control/probation order.

These documents can be obtained at the office of the Clerk of Court in the county were the felony was committed.

A Request for Review application can be obtained by calling (850) 488-2952, or can be downloaded at:https://fpc.state.fl.us/PDFs/ClemencyApplication.pdf

For more information on Executive Clemency in Florida, visit: https://fpc.state.fl.us/PDFs/INFORMATION-CLEMENCY.pdf

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Georgia

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Georgia, visit: http://sos.georgia.gov/elections/Voting_information.htm#Registering to Vote

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

http://felonvoting.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000286

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Hawaii

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in Hawaii, visit: http://hawaii.gov/elections/voters/registration.htm

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Hawaii_Voting_Law.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=16529

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Idaho

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Idaho, visit:

http://www.idahovotes.gov/vinfo.htm

For more information on the restoration process:

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

http://felonvoting.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000286

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Illinois

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in Illinois, visit:

http://www.elections.il.gov/VotingInformation/Register.aspx

For more information on the restoration process:

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

http://felonvoting.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000286

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Indiana

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in Indiana, visit: http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/2403.htm

For more information on the restoration process:

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

http://felonvoting.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000286

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Iowa

All convicted felons must apply for Restoration of Citizenship Rights after completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole and payment of fees and restitution to regain the right to vote.  Applicants must submit the following documents:

  • Completed Streamlined Application for Restoration of Citizenship Rights;
  • Iowa Criminal History Record;
  • Credit Record; and
  • Documentation verifying payment of court costs, fees, and restitution.

A Streamlined Application for Restoration of Citizenship Rights can be found at:

http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/2403.htm

An Iowa Criminal History Record can be obtained by contacting the Iowa Division of Criminal Investigation at (515) 725-6066.

A Credit History can be obtained by contacting the Annual Credit Report Request Service at (877) 322-8228.

Applicants must submit completed application to:

Legal Counsel

Governor's Office

State Capital Building

Des Moines, Iowa 50319

If granted Restoration, convicts must register to vote.  For more information of registering to vote in Iowa, visit:http://www.sos.state.ia.us/elections/voterinformation/voterregistration.html#1

For more information on the restoration process: 

https://governor.iowa.gov/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Appication-for-Restoration-of-Citizenship-Rights-Right-to-Vote-and-Hold-Public-Office.pdf

https://governor.iowa.gov/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Restoration-of-Citizenship-Rights-FAQ.pdf

 

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Kansas

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Kansas, visit: http://www.kssos.org/elections/elections_registration.html

For more information on the restoration process:

http://www.kssos.org/elections/elections_registration.html

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Kentucky

All convicted felons lose the right to vote in Kentucky.  Voting rights can only be regained if the Governor approves a Restoration of Civil Rights Application.

The Kentucky Application for Restoration of Civil Rights can be found at:

http://corrections.ky.gov/depts/Probation%20and%20Parole/Documents/Restoration%20of%20Civil%20Rights.pdf

Applicants must submit the completed application to:

Department of Corrections

Division of Probation & Parole

P.O. Box 2400

Frankfort, KY 40602-2400

Attn: Restoration of Civil Rights

For more information on the restoration process:

http://corrections.ky.gov/depts/Probation%20and%20Parole/Documents/Restoration%20of%20Civil%20Rights.pdf

http://felonvoting.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000286#Kentucky

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Louisiana

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Louisiana, visit: http://www.sos.la.gov/tabid/457/Default.aspx

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Louisiana_contsitution.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Maine

Voters with criminal convictions are never disenfranchised.

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Maryland

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Maryland, visit: http://elections.state.md.us/voter_registration/index.html#Where

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Louisiana_contsitution.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Massachusetts

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in Maryland, visit: http://www.mass.gov/rmv/info/voter.htm

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Massachussetts_statute.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Michigan

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in Maryland, visit: http://www.michigan.gov/sos/0%2C1607%2C7-127-1633_8716_8726_47669---%2C00.html

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Michigan_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Minnesota

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Minnesota, visit: http://www.sos.state.mn.us/index.aspx?page=204

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Minnesota_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Mississippi

The following felony convictions result in permanent disenfranchisement:

  • Armed robbery;
  • Arson;
  • Bigamy;
  • Bribery;
  • Carjacking;
  • Embezzlement;
  • Extortion;
  • Felony bad check;
  • Felony shoplifting;
  • Forgery;
  • Larceny;
  • Murder;
  • Obtaining money or goods under false pretense;
  • Perjury;
  • Rape;
  • Receiving stolen property;
  • Robbery;
  • Statutory rape;
  • Theft;
  • Timber larceny; and
  • Unlawful taking of a vehicle.

All other felonies do not disenfranchise; convicts of crimes other than the above may vote even while incarcerated.

Those disenfranchised can only renew their rights by:

  • Applying for a pardon from the Governor;
  • Applying for an Executive Order Restoring Rights from the Governor; or
  • Convincing his/her state representative to author a bill re-enfranchising him/her, which must pass by a two-thirds majority.

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://www.sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/fd_barredforlife.pdf

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/MissArticle12.pdf

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Mississippi_Article12Section%20253.pdf

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Missouri

Any individual convicted of a felony associated with the right of suffrage is permanently disenfranchised.

All other convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Missouri, visit: http://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/Register2Vote/

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Missouri_Voting_Code.pdf

 

http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=16529

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Montana

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Montana, visit: http://sos.mt.gov/elections/Vote/index.asp

 

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Montana_Voting_Code.pdf

 

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Nebraska

Any individual convicted of treason is permanently disenfranchised.

All other convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored two years after completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Nebraska, visit: http://www.sos.ne.gov/elec/voter_info.html

 

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000286#Nebraska

 

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Nevada

First-time, non-violent convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole.

Individuals convicted of a violent felony must apply for a pardon to have their right to vote restored.

Individuals convicted of a felony after their first felony conviction (this does not include multiple felony convictions for the same act) must apply for a pardon to have their right to vote restored.

To apply for a pardon, contact the Nevada Board of Pardons Commissioners:

1677 Old Hot Springs Road,Suite A
Carson City, Nevada, 89706
(775) 687-5049

Email: info@parole.nv.gov

For information on registering to vote in Nevada, visit: http://nvsos.gov/index.aspx?page=703

 

For more information on the restoration process:

http://www.leg.state.nv.us/Session/72nd2003/bills/AB/AB55_EN.html

 

http://felonvoting.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000286#Nevada

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New Hampshire

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in New Hampshire, visit: http://sos.nh.gov/Register_to_Vote.aspx

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/New_Hampshire_Voting_Code.pdf

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New Jersey

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in New Jersey, visit: http://www.nj.gov/state/elections/voting-information.html

 

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/New_Jersey_Voting_Code.pdf

 

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New Mexico

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in New Mexico, visit: http://www.sos.state.nm.us/Voter_Information/Voter_Registration_Informatioin.aspx

 

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/NewMexico_Voting_Code.pdf

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New York

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence and parole, and must register to vote.  Those on probation are eligible to register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in New York, visit: http://www.vote.nyc.ny.us/register.html#howtoregister

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/New_York_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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North Carolina

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in North Carolina, visit: http://www.sboe.state.nc.us/items.aspx?id=1&s=1

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/North_Carolina_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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North Dakota

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence.  Those on probation and/or parole may vote.

North Dakota does not require voters to register to vote.  First-time voters who cannot be personally identified by a poll workermay be challenged, but may still vote if they sign an affidavit verifying their identity.  Therefore, convicted felons may vote as soon as they complete their prison sentence.

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://www.nd.gov/sos/forms/pdf/votereg.pdf

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/North_Dakota_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Ohio

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in Ohio, visit: http://www.sos.state.oh.us/SOS/voter/RegisteringToVote.aspx 

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Ohio_Voting_Code_2961.01.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Oklahoma

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Oklahoma, visit: http://www.ok.gov/elections/Voter_Registration/

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Oklahoma_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Oregon

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in Oregon, visit: http://www.dpo.org/voting/register

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Oregon_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Pennsylvania

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in Pennsylvania, visit: http://www.votespa.com/portal/server.pt/community/register_to_vote/13518/how_to_register/585323

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Pennsylvania_Voting_Rule.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Rhode Island

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in Rhode Island, visit: http://www.elections.state.ri.us/voting/registration.php

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Rhode_Island_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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South Carolina

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in South Carolina, visit: http://www.scvotes.org/south_carolina_voter_registration_information

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/South_Carolina_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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South Dakota

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence and parole, and must register to vote.  Those on probation are eligible to register.

For more information on registering to vote in South Dakota, visit: http://sdsos.gov/content/viewcontent.aspx?cat=elections&pg=/elections/registrationvoting.shtm

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/South_Dakota_Constitution.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Tennessee

All individuals convicted of a felony after May 18, 1981 must apply to the Tennessee Board of Probation and Parole to have their right to vote restored.

An application for Restoration of Voting Rights can be accessed here: http://www.tn.gov/sos/election/forms/ss-3041.pdf

Applicants must submit the completed form to office of the county election commission in the county where they reside. Applicants who are paying child support must be current in their payments for the application to be approved.

If a convicted felon has his or her voting rights restored, he or she can register to vote.  For more information on registering to vote in Tennessee, visit:

http://www.tennessee.gov/sos/election/registration.htm

Individuals convicted of the following felonies are not eligible for restoration, and are therefore permanentlydisenfranchised:

  • Between July 1, 1986, and June 30, 1996 - first degree murder, aggravated rape, treason, or voter fraud;
  • Between July 1, 1996, and June 30, 2006 - murder, rape, treason, or voter fraud; and
  • On or after July 1, 2006 - Any of the above; or any degree of murder or rape; or any violent sexual offense under where the victim of such offense was a minor.

For more information on the restoration process:

http://www.tn.gov/sos/election/forms/ss-3041.pdf

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/tennessee_law.pdf

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Texas

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Texas, visit:

http://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/pamphlets/largepamp.shtml

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Texas_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Utah

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, and must register to vote.  Those on probation and/or parole may register.

For more information on registering to vote in Utah, visit: http://vote.utah.gov/register-to-vote/

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Utah_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Vermont

Voters with criminal convictions are never disenfranchised.

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Virginia

All convicted felons must apply for Restoration of Rights in order to regain their right to vote.

Individuals convicted of the following felonies must wait two years before applying:

  • Embezzlement
  • Welfare Fraud
  • Habitual Offender
  • Grand Larceny
  • Drug Possession (must not be Drug Possession with the Intent to Distribute)
  • Breaking and Entering
  • Burglary/Statutory Burglary/Possession of Burglarious Tools
  • Obtain Money by False Pretenses
  • Prescription Fraud/Obtain Drugs by Fraud
  • Petit Larceny, 3rd or Subsequent Offense
  • Felonious Shoplifting/Concealment/Price Altering
  • Driving Under the Influence or Driving While Intoxicated, 3rd or Subsequent Offense
  • Credit Card Theft/Credit Card Fraud/Credit Card Forgery
  • Identity Theft
  • Mail Theft/Mail Fraud
  • Bank Fraud
  • Issuing Bad Checks/Worthless Checks
  • Felony Eluding Police
  • Forgery
  • Uttering
  • Perjury
  • False Statement on Firearm Transaction Record
  • Unlawful Possession of a Concealed Weapon

The application for Restoration of Rights for offenses with a two-year waiting period can be found here: http://www.commonwealth.virginia.gov/JudicialSystem/Clemency/McDonnell2-YearRoRApplication-Latest92010.pdf

 Individuals convicted of the following felonies must wait five years before applying:

  • Drug Possession with the Intent to Distribute
  • Drug Distribution
  • Drug Manufacturing
  • Robbery
  • Malicious/Unlawful Wounding
  • Felonious Assault
  • Maiming
  • Murder
  • Manslaughter - Involuntary or Voluntary
  • Production, publication, sale, financing, etc., of child pornography
  • Shooting into an Occupied Vehicle or Building
  • Arson of an Occupied Vehicle or Building
  • Hit & Run/Leaving the Scene of an Accident with Injury
  • Election Fraud
  • Rape
  • Forcible Sodomy/Sodomy of a Minor
  • Carnal Knowledge of a Minor
  • Carnal Knowledge of an Inmate by Correctional or Law Enforcement Officer
  • Breaking and Entering with Intent to Commit Rape or Assault
  • Accommodation Sale of a Controlled Substance
  • Child Abuse/Neglect

The application for Restoration of Rights for offenses with a five-year waiting period can be found here: http://www.commonwealth.virginia.gov/JudicialSystem/Clemency/5-YearRoRApplication-UpdatedJuly2010-2.pdf

Applicants filling out the five-year application must include the following documents with their submission:

  • Certified copies of all felony sentencing orders;
  • Certified proof of payment for any fines, restitution and/or court costs;
  • The letter of petition, signed and dated;
  • Three letters of reference, completed, signed and dated by three reputable citizens;
  • A current letter from the applicant's most recent Probation or Parole officer/office, addressed to the Governor, outlining his or her period of supervision;
  • A letter to the Governor describing the circumstances of the applicant's offense, community or comparable service and any additional information he or she may want the Governor to know when reviewing his or her petition; and
  • Non-Virginia Residents only: Certified copies of the applicant's Driving Record and Criminal Record from the state in which the applicant resides.

Both types of completed applications should be mailed to:

Restoration of Rights

Secretary of the Commonwealth

P.O. Box 2454, Richmond, VA 23218

Note: Applicants must have paid all costs, fines, and/or restitutions to be eligible for Restoration of Rights.

Note: Applicants with pending charges during the waiting period or DUI convictions in the five years prior to the application will not be eligible for Restoration of Rights

Applicants who are granted Restoration of Rights must register to vote.  For more information on registering to vote in Virginia, visit: http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/cms/Voter_Information/Registering_to_Vote/Index.html

For more information on the restoration process:

http://www.commonwealth.virginia.gov/JudicialSystem/Clemency/restoration.cfm

http://www.commonwealth.virginia.gov/JudicialSystem/Clemency/McDonnell2-YearRoRApplication-Latest92010.pdf

http://www.commonwealth.virginia.gov/JudicialSystem/Clemency/5-YearRoRApplication-UpdatedJuly2010-2.pdf

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Washington

Individuals convicted of a felony before July 1, 1984 must petition the Intermediate Sentencing Review Board for restoration of their right to vote.  To contact the Intermediate Sentencing Review Board, call (360) 493-9266.

Individuals convicted of a felony after July 1, 1984 have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

To be eligible for restoration, convicted felons must pay all financial obligations, such as fines, court costs and restitution.

For more information on registering to vote in Washington, visit: http://wei.secstate.wa.gov/osos/en/voterinformation/Pages/RegistertoVote.aspx

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/WashingtonFelonFlyer-1442.pdf

http://wei.secstate.wa.gov/osos/en/voterinformation/Pages/felons.aspx

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West Virginia

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in West Virginia, visit: http://www.sos.wv.gov/elections/voterinformation/Pages/Voter_Information_FAQ.aspx

 

For more information on the restoration process: 

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/West_Virginia_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Wisconsin

All convicted felons have their right to vote automatically restored upon completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole, and must register to vote.

For more information on registering to vote in Wisconsin, visit: http://gab.wi.gov/elections-voting/voters/registration-voting

For more information on the restoration process:

http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Wisconsin_Voting_Code.pdf

http://www.brennancenter.org/page/-/d/download_file_48642.pdf

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Wyoming

First-time felons convicted of a non-violent offense (or multiple felonies for one act) may submit an Application for Restoration of Voting Rights to the Wyoming Board of Parole five years after completion of sentence, probation, and/or parole.

Non-violent offenses include all felonies other than the following:

  • Murder;
  • Manslaughter;
  • Kidnapping;
  • Sexual assault in the first or second degree;
  • Robbery;
  • Aggravated assault;
  • Aircraft hijacking;
  • Arson in the first or second degree;
  • Aggravated burglary; and
  • Sexual abuse of a minor in the first or second degree if an actor sixteen (16) years or older committed sexual intrusion on a victim less than thirteen (13) years of age.

The application for Restoration of Voting Rights can be found here: http://boardofparole.wy.gov/pdf/Voting%20Restoration%20Form.pdf

Applicants must submit the following documents with their application:

  • Certified copy of the judgment and sentence;
  • Discharge order; and
  • Information showing the date of expiration of sentence or completion of parole.

Individuals convicted of one of the violent felonies listed above may only restore their right to vote by directly petitioning the governor for a pardon or restoration of voting rights. 

A petition for a pardon must include:

  • The name of the person seeking the pardon;
  • The offense for which he was convicted;
  • The date and place of the conviction;
  • The sentence imposed;
  • The sentence served;
  • Any subsequent arrests, criminal charges, convictions or sentences; and
  • Any pertinent information the governor may request such as parole and work release records.

Applicants who are granted Restoration of Civil Rights must register to vote. 

For more information on registering to vote in Wyoming, visit: http://soswy.state.wy.us/Elections/RegisteringToVote.aspx

For more information on the restoration process:

http://legisweb.state.wy.us/statutes/statutes.aspx?